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Does Diabetes affect my eyes?

If you have diabetes, annual eye exams are crucial as diabetes can lead to various eye complications. These issues may not initially show symptoms but can be managed effectively with early detection. Here are the primary eye problems associated with diabetes:

1. Diabetic Retinopathy:

Diabetic retinopathy affects the blood vessels in the retina, leading to blurred vision and other symptoms like floating spots or dark streaks. As the condition progresses, blood vessel damage causes bleeding into the retina, potentially resulting in complications such as:

- Diabetic Macular Edema: Fluid leakage from blood vessels causes swelling in the macula, resulting in blurry vision.

- Retinal Scarring: Untreated retinopathy can lead to scarring on the retina.

- Retinal Detachment: Scarring may cause the retina to detach from the eye, leading to symptoms like blurred vision, floaters, flashes of light, or reduced peripheral vision.

- Neovascular Glaucoma: A type of glaucoma causing increased eye pressure and impaired fluid drainage.

2. Cataracts:

Individuals with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing cataracts earlier in life. Cataracts cause cloudy vision, color distortion, and may eventually lead to blindness. While early symptoms can be managed with glasses, surgery may become necessary as the condition progresses.

Treatment Options:

Once diagnosed, your eye doctor can determine the appropriate treatment, which may include:

- Regular Monitoring: Monitoring the condition to track its progression.

- Injections: Administering medication via injections.

- Laser Treatment: Using laser therapy to manage certain complications.

- Eye Surgery: Surgical interventions may be necessary in advanced cases.

Early detection is key to less invasive treatment, highlighting the importance of regular eye exams for individuals with diabetes.

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